William Buchanan of Auchmar
"Historical and Genealogical Essay upon the Family
and Surname of Buchanan. To which is added a brief
enquiry into the genealogy and present state of
ancient Scottish surnames, and more particularly
of the Highland Clans."

Glasgow 1723

An account of the surname of Maclauchlan

The surname of McLauchlan hath been of a long time reputed one of our ancient clans, being originally descended of the surname of the O Lauchlans of Ireland, the principal person of whom, according to Mr. Walsh, and other Irish historians, was in the second century of the Christian epoch, provincial King of the province of Meath, which dignity his successors enjoyed for many descents, till some little time before the English conquest, the family of O'Rourke obtained that principality. This surname is asserted to be of the Milesian stem, or that of the ancient kings of Ireland, and the progenitor thereof to have come to Scotland with the first who from Ireland planted Argyle-shire. I have heard some of this name affirm, that the Laird of M'Lauchlan had a charter of his estate from King Congallus II, but canot assent too far to any such assertion, there being no evidences of that antiquity as yet found out, at least any mention made of such in any place or record of this kingdom, tho' there may be a traditional account, that the above surname was in possession of their estate in that reign, or before the same, which is no way inconsistent with probability.
The Laird of McLauchlan, chief of that surname's estate of Straithlauchan, and principal residence being the large and ancient castle of Castlelachlan, are in the lower part of upper Cowal, near the north side of Lochfine, in the shire of Argyle, in which most of his clan reside. The next to that family is Colin McLauchlan, the present Laird of McLauchlan's uncle. There are also Maclauchlans of Craigintairrow, Inchchonell, and divers other heritors of that surname is said shire; as also Maclauchlan of Auchintroig, in the shire of Stirling, in favour of Celestin McLauchlan, one of whose ancestors, Duncan, Earl of Lennox, confirms a charter greanted by Eugen Mackessan of Garchels to one of the said Celestin's ancestors, which confirmation is dated in the year 1394 and eighth year of the reign of King Robert III.
There is another numerous sept of the McLauchlans residing in Morvern and Lochaber, the principal person of these being McLauchlan of Curryuanan in Lochaber. Of this family is McLauchlan of Drumlane in Monteath, with others of that surname there. Those of this sept residing in Lochaber, depend upon the Laird of Locheall [Cameron], as already mentioned.

McLauchlan for arms hath four coats quarterly. 1st Or, or as some, Argent, a lyon rampant gules. 2d. Argent, a hand coupee fessways, holding a cross croslet fitchee, gules. 3d. Or, a Galley, her oars in saltyre, sable, placed in a sea, proper. 4th. Argent, in a base undee vert, a salmon naiant, proper. Supporter, two roe-bucks proper. Motto, Fortis et fidus.

An Account of the Surname of MacNeil

This Surname of M'Neil being one of the most ancient of our Scotish Clans, ir originally descended from that once potent and flourishing Surname of the Oneils of Ireland. these Oneils were divided into Two great Tribes, the One termed the Northern and theother the Southern Oneils. The first of these for a great many Ages, untill the English Conquest, were Provincial Kings of North Ulster. After the English Conquest, the Title of King being abrogated throughout that Kingdom, the Successors of the Kings of Ulster were designed Earls of Tyrone, till in the Reign of Queen Ellizabeth, Seaan Oneil, Earl of Tyrone, with others of his Country-men made an Insurrection aginst that Queen. but her better Fortune prevailing, this Family in a short Time thereafter became extinct, the Lineal Representative of it being now John Oneil esq; of Shaancastle in the County of Antrim, a Gentleman of the Protestant Religion, and of one of the most considerable Fortunes in that Kingdom. He is Manager to the Earl of Antrim's Affairs, the Earl himself being Minor, who is a Nobleman of the greatest Estate of any of Scotish Descent in that KIngdom, whose Ancestor was John, Second Son to John Lord of the Isles, by the Lady Margaret Stewart, Daughter to K. Robert the Second of that Name, and First of the Stewarts. This John's Lineal Successor was Sorley buey, or fair Sumerled M'Donald of Glins, who went to Ireland, as some say, in the Reign of King Henry VII, of England, or was others more probably, in the Reign of Queen Elizabeth, where he so far signalized himself in the Queen's Service against Tryone, and others in Arms against her, that at the End of those Wars, the Queen, in Recompence of his Servies, gave him that Estate, of which his Representative is yet in Possession.

Keite, and other Irish Historians, derive the Origine of the Oneils from Neil, Son to Mileius, King of Gallicia in Spain, who with Hiber, Erimon , and Ir, his Three Brethren, came with the First Gathelians, or Scots, who by Conquest of Etta, Ketur, and Tectius, Kings of the Dedannins, the ancient Inhabitants of that Kingdom, obtained the Soveraign Possession of the fame. The M'Neils of Scotland, a Branch of those of Ireland, are reported to have come here with the First Scots, who from Ireland planted Argyle-Shire, and the Western Isles, being for some Ages bypast divided into Two considerable Families, these of Barra, and Taynish, who of a long Time have contended for the Chiefship, or Precedency; but the Matter is generally determined in Facour of M'Neil of Barra, who, of all other Highland Chiefs of Clans, retains most of the Magnificence and Customs of the ancient Phylarchae. He is in Possession of the Isle of Barra, which is of a pretty large Extant, flso of some small Isles round it. Mr. Martine Composer of the History of the Western Isles, asserts, that M'Neil of Barra can produce Evidents for Thirty Six Descents, of his Familie's Possession of that Isle, besides a great many old Charters, most of which are not legible. However this be, he is accounted one of the most ancient Chifains of the Highland Clans. His principal Residence is the Castle of Keismul, situated in a small Island of the same Name, divided by a small Cannal from Barra, and of no more Extent than what the Castle, and a large Quadrangular Area or Closs round it occupyeth. M'Neil of Taynish, the next principal Person of this Surname, resides in Knapdale in Argyle-Shire, in which are also M'Neil of Gallochoil, and Tarbart. There is also another Gentleman of that Name, Laird of the Isle of Collinsay, once the Property of the M'aphies. There are a good many more Gentlemen of the Surname in the Western Isles, and the Continents of Kintyre and Knapdale.

The Armorial Bearing of M'Neil of Barra is quarterly, 1st. Azure, or as others, Gules, a Lyon rampant, Argent. 2s. Or, a Hand coupee, fessways, Gules, holding a cross Croslet, fitchee, in pale, Azure. 3d. Or, a Lymphad Sable, 4t. parted per fess, Argent, and Vert, to represent the Sea, out of which Risueth a Rock, Gules. Suporters, Two large Fishes.

An Account of the Surname of Lamond

The Surname of Lamond did not upon most Occasions associate with most others of the more remote Clans, neertheless upon very solid Grounds it hath been always accounted a Surname of great Antiquity and Esteem; the fame for divers Ages being in Possession, and the Chiefs thereof Lairds, or rather Lords of all Lower Cowal, a very fertile Country, and of a large Extent, tho' most Part thereof at several Junctures and Occasions (of which the Circumstances cannot in this Age be discovered) was wrested out of their Hands. The Name itself did also sustain ery great Loss or Diminution in the Time of the Civil Wars, in the Reign of King Charles I. having joined with the Marquis of Montrose's Party, who stood for the King's Interest. Upon the Defeat of the Marquis at Phillipbaugh and Suppression of that Party, the Lamonds for some Time defended themselves in their Chief's Cstle of Tovcat, but being besiedged by a Party of the Parliament's Forces, were obliged to yield themselves Prisoners of War, and as soon as they came into the enemies Hands were all put to the Sword; as were also near the same Time a great Number of the M'Doougals, and M'Neils, who defended themselves for some Time in the Fort of Dunabarty in Kintyre, against Lieutenant General Lesly, after the Defeat of Alexander M'Donald's Army at Largy; Lesly having given Quarters to a Party of Irish, who with the above Clans defended that Fort, did put all the Scots without Distinction to the Sword, of which the most Part were of those mentioned with some M'Donalds, after they had surrendred at Discretion; so that none of these Surname are any thing so numerous ever since as formerly.

The Surname of Lamond is asserted to be descended of Lamond Oneil, a son of the Great Oneil, provincial King of North Ulster. The Chiefs of this Surname were allied with very honourable Families both in Scotland, and Ireland, as with the Families of Argyle, M'Donald, Luss, Buchanan, Okyan, Lord Dunseverin, and other Families in Ireland. I find Duncan M'Lamond, who seems to have been Laird of Lamond, mentioned Witness in a Charter granted by Duncan Earl of Leanox in the Reign of KIng Robert III. This Surname is always in Irish termed M'Lamonds, or Clanlamond.

Archibald late Laird of Lamond married Margaret Daughter to Collonel Hurry, by whom he had no Issue; so that the Estate went to Dugal Lamond of Stiolaig, as being nearest Heir Male. He married Margaret Sister to James Earl of Bute, by whom he had Five Daughters, the eldest whereof, Margaret, is married to John Lamond of Kilfinan, whose eldest Son is to succeed to the Estate of Lamond. There are of other Denominations descnded of this Surname, the M'Lucases or Lukes, M'Inturners, or Turners, M'Alduies, or Blacks, M'Ilwhoms, and Towarts. The Laird of Lamond since the Demolition of his Castle of Towart, by the abovementioned Siege, resides in Ardlamond, in Upper Cowal. The principal Gentlemen of that name are the Lamonds of Silvercraig, Lamond of Willowfield, who with some other Gentlemen, and most others of that Surname, reside in Lower Cowal. There is also descended off a Son of the Laird of Lamond, Burdon of Fedale, in Straithern, with others of that Name there, having got that Estate by Marriage of the Heiress thereof some Ages ago.

Lamond for Armorial Bearing carried sometimes Azure, a Mond, or Globe Argent; but the most ancient and more ordinary Bearing of that Family is Azure, a Lyon Rampant, Argent. Crest, a Hand coupee proper. Motto, Ne pereas nec spernas.