The Cenel Coelbad of Donegal
|The Inishowen peninsula was divided into
two sub-kingdoms, Carraig Brachaidhe to the west and An
Bredach in the east. The Kings of Carriagh Brachaidh were
the O Mailfabhails (angliced McFall, Mulfall, and
according to McLysaght, Lavelle and Melville). The
surname is now virtually unknown in Donegal.
The O Maolfabhail Kings of Carriag Brachaidhe were seated at Carrickabraghey on the Isle of Doagh in the parish of Clonmany. They were a branch of the Cinel Eoghain known both as the Clann Fhearghusa and the Cenel Coelbad. Their original territory as descendants of Owen was in the western part of the Inishowen Peninsula in Donegal, but following the generally westward movement of the Kings of Aileach in the 11th century, some of the Cenel Coelbad settled in Tryone, most notably the O Hogans of Telach Oge (Tullahoge), the well-known inaugurators of the O'Neill Kings of Tyrone at Tullahoge. O'Clery gives a long list of surnames associated with the Cenel Coelbad, most of which are no longer recogniseable today.
O Mael fahaill (MacFall, Mulfall of Donegal)
O Bruadar (O'Broder)
O Hagan (O'Hagan of Tullahoge - Tyrone)
O Ceallaigh (O'Kelly of Donegal)
O Robhartach (O'Roarty of Donegal)
O Mail Mocheirghe
O Dhoret (O Derry of Donegal)
O Conne (O Cuinn of Tyrone)
O Cearnaigh (Mac Kearney of Donegal)
O Dubhaine (Dwayne, Devanny of Donegal)
Of these surnames, O Hogan and O Cuinn are now associated with Co. Tyrone. O Robhartach (O'Roarty) is a well-known Donegal name, co-arbs of St. Columcille on Tory Island. O'Kelly (O Ceallaigh) is a very numerous name in Donegal. O Mail Mocheirghe appears in the Pardon List of 1602 as O Mulchieran. The family were herenaghs of Clonca parish in the Inishowen Peninsula. O Dhoret is probably now O Derry (O Doirighe), an herenagh family in Raphoe Diocese. They appear in the Inquisition at Liffer as herenaghs of Drumhome parish (O 'Dorrianuns). In O'Clery's Book of Genealogies they are named O Dhoret of Domnaigh Mor Magh Ith, a district in Raphoe Parish in Donegal, now the parish of Donoghmore.
O Dubhain (MacDwayne) is probably now Devanny in Donegal (According to McLysaght, the names are often confused). The Mac Dubhaines were chiefs of Cinel Enda, a district in Donegal to the south of the Inishowen Peninsula.
Over the lasting Carraig Brachai
Over the red-armed Clann Feaghasa
On each side they extended to the wave,
The O Bruadairs, the O Mailfabhails,
The O Coinnes, the O hOgains here
Elevation of human people.
Cenel Coelbad Niall 'of the Nine Hostages' | Eoghan | Ferghusa [a quo Clann Fhearghusa] | Coelbad [a quo Cenel Coelbad] |______________________________________________________________________ | | Coirpre Cairill | | Feidhimthe Trempan | | Diarmad Faelchon | | Brachaide [a quo Carrig Brachaidhe] Conaill clogigh | | Conaill Mail mocheirghe | | Cuanach Ruarcam | | Donngaile Daithghil | | Cumuscaith Anluain |________________________________ | | | Furudrain Loinsigh Oilella | | | Ruarcan Mail fabhaill 878 Mail gairh | | |_________________________ | | | | | Cathalan Cinaetha Colgusa Mail mhocheirghe | | | | Con gartan Ogain [ a quo O Hogan Cosgraigh Dubhrodan | | of Telach occ] | | Fogartaigh Eogain Crunmail Cernaigh | | | | Mail fhabhaill Gille epscuip Conaill Diermada | | | | Flaithbertach O Mail fhabhaill Floind Colaim Aedh O Mail Mocheirghe 1053 | | Gille aeda Mail brighde | | Raghnall O Hogan Mael muire of Telach occ | Dunchada | Muirchertach O Cuinn of Tyrone
|Where Aileach Guards
"In the days when the O Neill dynasty ruled supreme in the north one of the important families of Inis Eogain was the O Maolfabail sept. Te name is recorded in two ways, "O Maolfabail" and "O Maolfabail", and has been anglicised in various forms, e.g., "O Mulfall" and "MacFall." This family was of Cineal Fhearghasa, a branch of Cineal Eogain. The territory ruled by the sept was Carraig Bhracai on the western side of the peninsula. The seat of rule was in the townland of Carrickabraghey, situated in the Isle of doagh, parish of Clonmany. The Isle of Doag is a peninsula connected by a narrow strip of land to the mainland. The site was well-chosen as a place of security. Today tere are the ruins of an ancient castle. Whhile the remains probably
mark the site of an older fortress, te present pile was built at a much later period tan te days of the O Maolfabail lordship.
This ancient family is first noted in Irish records in thhe year 834. It occurs on a number of occasions up to 1215, after wichh it is no longer mentioned. Surprsingly, it occurs very rarely as a family surname in Inis Eogain. In the General Pardon Lists issued by the englis for those natives of Inis Eoghain who engaged in rebellion against te Crown in the early seventeenth century, the name occurs but rarely. It does not occur at all in te Hearth Tax records for 1665.
Fearghus son of Badhbhchadh, lord of Carraig Brach Aidhe, was slain by
Seghonnan, son of Conang, lord of Carraig Brachaidhe, died.
Maelfabhaill, son of Loingseach, lord of Carraig Brachaighe;
Ruarc, son of Maelfabhaill, lord of Carraig-Brachaidhe, died.
Another slaughter was made of the foreigners by the Eoghanachta,
and by the Ciarraighi. The army of the Ui-Neill of the South and
North was led by Niall, son of Aedh, King of Ireland, to the men
of Munster, to wage war with the foreigners. He pitched his camp at
Tobar-Glethrach, in Magh-Feimhin, on the 22nd of August. The
foreigners went into the territory on the same day.
The Irish attacked them the third hour before mid-day, so that one
thousand one hundred men were slain between them; but more of the
foreigners fell, and they were defeated. There fell here in the heat
of the conflict the chief of Carraig-Brachaidhe, and Maelfinnen, son of
Donnagan, chief of Ui-Cearnaigh; Fearghal, son of Muirigen, chief of
Ui-Creamhthainn; and others besides them.
Tighearnach, son of Ruarc, lord of Carraig-Brachaidhe, died.
Cudubh, son of Maelfabhaill, chief of Carraig-Brachaidhe,
was slain by the race of Tadhg in Breagha.
Flaithbheartach Ua Maelfabhaill, lord of Carraig-Brachaidhe,
Domhnall Ua Loingsigh, lord of Dal-Araidhe, and Muircheartach
Ua Maelfabhaill, lord of Carraig-Brachaidhe, were slain by the
Gillachrist Ua Maelfabhaill, lord of Carraig-Brachaidhe; Finnchadh
Mac Amhalghadha, chief of Clann-Breasail; Flaithbheartach Ua Maelduin,
lord of Lurg; Uidhrin Ua Maelmuire, chief of Cinel-Fearadhaigh, died.
An army was led by the Cinel-Eoghain to Magh-Cobha. The Ulidians
entered their camp at night, and killed Sitrick Ua Maelfabhaill,
lord of Carraig-Brachaidhe, and Sitric, son of Curoi, son of Eoghan.
Aedh Ua Maelfabhaill, lord of Carraig-Brachaidhe, was slain by the
son of Niall Ua Lochlainn.
Cathalan O'Mulfavil, Lord of Carrick-Braghy, was slain by O'Dearan,
who was himself slain immediately afterwards in revenge of him.
Trad O'Mulfavill, Chief of Kinel-Fergusa, with his brothers, and a great
number of people who were with them, were slain by Murray, the son of the
Great Steward of Lennox.