O Lachtnainn of Ely O'Carroll

    Woulfe, in his book on Irish surname entitled "Sloinnte
Gaedheal is Gall," identified several septs scattered across
Ireland  which assumed the surname O Lachtnainn, properly
anglicised to O'Loughnan or O'Loughnane.  According to Woulfe this
surname was often corrupted to O Lochlainn (in Irish) and then
anglicised to either Loughlin or MacLoughlin.  The same name was
occasionally corrupted to O Lochrainn and similiarly anglicised to
Loughrane or Loughran.  
    Other members of various O Lachtnainn septs anglicised their
name to Loftus, Lawton, Loughman, etc.

     The Irish Family Names Society (which bases its work largely
on current oral tradition in Ireland) has identified an O Lochlainn
sept of Co. Tipperary which is supposed to have descended from
Feargus mac Roich of the Clanna Rory.  No pedigree for this sept
has been preserved in Irish genealogies and the Irish Names Society
offers only a partial pedigree in descent from Cork, the son of
Fearghus mac Roich, from whom also descend the O'Loughlins of
Burren and the O'Connors of Corcumroe in Co. Clare.  
     Because of the prevalence of the MacLoughlin surname in the
Census of 1659 in Co. Tipperary (Loghlin or McLoghlin 34 vs.
Loghnane or Loghman 13 and O'Loughlin 1) and in the 1665 Hearth
Money Rolls, it appears as though the O Lochlainn of Tipperary sept
identified by folk tradition in Ireland was in fact an O Lachtnainn
sept, which as Woulfe described, corrupted its Irish name to O
Lochlainn which was in turn anglicised to Loghlin, McLoghlin,
Loghnane, etc.  This O Lachtnainn sept was undoubtably that known
as O Lachtnainn of Ely O'Carroll, a branch of the O'Meaghers of
Tipperary, Chiefs of Ikerin, related to the O'Carrolls of Ely.
    Hogan in his "Onamasticon Goedelicon" described this sept as
"Ui Lachtnain of Birra, round Birr, King's Co.. now Parsonstowne,"
the site of O'Carroll of Ely's castle.  He also described an O
Lachtnainn sept of "Ard na nEn in Muscraighe Tire," said to have
been located near "Drumineer."  Elsewhere we learn that Ard na nEn,
according to MacFirbis, was the territory of an O Lachtnain sept of
Ard na n-enn, located "south of the 

mountain."  An additional note states this is now the townland of
Ardnaneane, in Limerick (Lower Connello Barony). Hogan also states
the territory of the Muscraighe Tire comprised the baronies of
Lower and Upper Ormond in Tipperary.
    The above references are unfortunately conflicting and
ambiguous.  Ardnanean, a townland in Lower Connello Barony in
Limerick does not lie within the territory of the Muscraighe Tire
in Co. Tipperary.  There is, however, a townland in Lower Ormond
Barony in Co. Tipperary named Dromineer, near Lough Derg, and this
is probably the "Drumineer" referred to by Hogan.  This would place
the territory of the O Lachtnain of Ard na nEn sept firmly in
Muscraighe Tire.  And because Birr is situated nearby on the border
of Tipperary and King's Co., it is probable  the Ui Lachtnain of
Birra (Ely O'Carroll) and the Ui Lachtnain of Ard na n-En septs
were one and the same.
     Since the O Lachtnain surname does not appear in Ormond Barony
in the Census of 1659, it appears as though this sept was
dislocated from their original territory and dispersed across
Tipperary, a conjecture born out by the 1665 Hearth Money Rolls, in
which the surname and its variants appear randomly throughout the
baronies of Co. Tipperary.

     Woulfe  "Sloinnte Gaedheal is Gall"

        O Lachtnain septs

     1.  A family of the Ui Fiachrach, who were chiefs of the Two 
          Bacs and of Geln Nephin, in the barony of Tirawley, Co. 
          Mayo.  Originally O Lachna, the name was replaced by O 
          Lachtnain (the diminuitive form).  According to Woulfe 
          this family is still numerous in Connacht but often 
          disguise their name under the anglicised form of 

     2.  O Lachtnain of Teffia  (Teathbha), anciently chiefs of 
          Teathbha in the present counties of Longford and 

     3.  O Lachtnain of Oriel, anciently chiefs of Mughdorn 
          Breagh, which O'Donovan placed in the north of Meath, 
          where it adjoins the county of Monaghan.

     4.  O Lachtnain of the Ui Maine, followers of O'Kelly.  The 
          Ui Maine were descendants of Maine Mor, fourth in 
          descent from Colla de Chrioch (Oirgialla).  A Connacht 
          clan, the Ui Maine held part of Galway, Roscommon, Clare 
          and O'ffaly.  O'Kelly was chief.

     5.  O Lachtnain of the Cinel Eoghainn  (mentioned by 

     6.  O Lachtnain of Siol Muireadhaigh  (mentioned by 
          MacFirbis).  The Siol Muireadhaigh (Silmurray), i.e., 
          the seed of Muireadhach Muilleathan, King of Connacht, 
          who died in the year 701, ancestor to the O'Connors of 

     Woulfe also states the surname O Lachtnain, in the 16th
century, was found as well in Co. Down, Tipperary, Kilkenny and
Cork (where it is presently anglicised to Lawton).

     Territories of Ancient Irish Families
     O'Hart  "Milesian Genealogies"

     O'Carroll:  Prince of Ely, ruled, according to O'Heerin, 
     over eight subordinate chiefs and had their 
     castle at Birr, now Parsonstown, in the king's 
     County.  O'Carroll was the head of the Clann 
     Cian race (Ciannachta).  The territory of Ely 
     got its name from Eile, one of its princes in 
     the 5th century, and from being possessed by the 
     O'Carrolls was called Ely O'Carroll, which 
     comprised the present barony of Lower Ormond in 
     the county Tipperary, with the barony of 
     Clonlisk and part of Ballybrit in the King's 
     County, extending to Slieve Bloom mountains on 
     the borders of Queen's County.  The part of Ely 
     in the King's County belonged to the ancient 
     province of Munster.

    O'Meagher:   Chief of Crioch an Cairin, or the land of Ui 
     Cairin (Hy-Kerrin), now the barony of Ikerin in 
     the county of Tipperary.

   Cianacht:  (Keenaght), race of Cian, son of Ailill Olium, 
     king of Musnter in the 3rd century.  The 
     families of O Cearbaill (O'Carroll), O Meachair  
     (O'Meagher) and O Rioghbhardain  (O'Riordan) of 
     Eile;  O Catharnaigh of Breagh (O'Kearney), O 
     Conchobar of Glen Geimhin (O'Connor) and O 
     hEaghra (O'Hara) and O Gadhra (O'Gara) of 
     Luighne in Connacht.


              O Lachtnain of Tipperary

                                                      84   Ailill Olum  King of Munster
                                   |                        |                       |
                            85    Eoghan Mor               Cormac Cas              Cian
                                (Eoghanachta)              (Dal Cais)         86   Tadhg
                                                                              87   Connla
                                                           |                                         |
                                                     88   Iomchadh Uallach                          Fionnachtach
                                                           |                                         |
                                                           |                                    _____|_________
                                                           |                                   |               |
                                                     89   Sabharn                             Eochaidh        Eachdach
                                                           |                                   |               |
                                                ___________|_____________                      |               |
                                               |                         |                     |               |
                                         90   Iomdhun                   Fec                   Etchon          Tighearnach
                                         91   Earc                      Fionnachtach          Lughaidh        Cu-Maighe
                                         92   Eile Righdhearg           Neachtan              Fiathaidhe      Maolfabhal
                                         93   Druadh                    Maolfabhal            Feidlemidh      Crunmaol
                                         94   Amruadh                   Duinsleibe            Donn Cuan       Breasal
                                         95   Meachar                   Arga                  Lugaidh         Dungallach
                                         96   Tal                       Aongus                Feargna         Maolfabhal
                                         97   Feig                      Flannagan             Aodh Mor        Ruadhrach
                                         98   Inne                                            Meachar         Aongus
                                               |                   (O'Flanagan Ely)                            |
                                               |                   Chiefs of Kinelargy   (O'Meagher of         |____________
                                               |                   Barony of Ballybrit    Tipperary)           |            |
                                         99   Lonan                King's Co.            Chiefs of Ikerin     Cuanach      Lachtan  99
                                         100  Ailtine
                                         101  Ultan                                                        (O'Cuanaigh)  (O'Lachtnain
                                         102  Maolruanaidh                                                                of Tipperary)
                                         103  Aingradh
                                         104  Seachnasach                       Cianachta
                                         105  Maonach
                                         106  Cnaimhim
                                         107  Dubhluighe
                                         108  Ceabhall
                                           (O'Carroll of Ely)
                                        Prince of Ely O'Carroll
                                        King's Co.

  1659 Census   Tipperary County

          Barony of Clanwilliam

               Principle Irish Names:  McLoghlin  11

          Baronies of Eliogurty and Ikerim

               Principle Irish Names:  Loghlen & McLoghlen  13

          Barony of Iffay and Offay

               Principle Irish Names:  McLoghlen & Meloghlen  10

          Barony of Middlethird

               Principle Irish Names:  Loghnane  07

    1659 Census  Kilkenny County

          Barony of Gawran

               Principle Irish Names:  McLoghlin  11

    1659 Census  Limerick County      

           Barony of Owny

               Principle Irish Names:  McLoghlen  05

     1665 & 1667 Hearth Money Rolls  
     Tipperary County
     (Printed in "Tipperary's Families," Thoas. Laffan, 1911).

          Incidence of the MacLoughlin surname appearing
          in the 1665 Rolls:

               MacLoughlin  22
               Loughlin      7
               Loghnan       9
               O'Loughlin    1
               Loftus or     0

                    variants:  MacLoughlin, McLoghlin, McLaghlin, 
                    McLoghlen, McLoughlen, McLaghlen, 
                    McLaughlen, McLaghline, McLoghlan

                               Loughlin, Loghlin, Loghlen,

                               Loghnan, Loghnane, Loghman,
                               Lyghnane, Loghinane

      Barony of Middlethird

           Parish of Kyllfenan

                Thomas Loghnan of Kyllestic  (1665)
                Thomas Loghnane of Killostye  (1667)

           Parish of Rathcoole

                William Loghnan of Darrelusk  (1665)
                William Loghnane of Derryinskan  (1667)
                Roger Loghman           "        (1667)
                Margaret Loghnan        "        (1667)

           Parish of St. Pates, Rock and Dangerdorane

                Phillipp Loghnan of Brittas  (1667)
                Daniell McLaughlin of St. Francis Abbey  (1667)

           Parish of Ardmaile

                Mahone McLoghline of Clongmore  (1667)
                William McLoghline       "      (1667)

           Parish of Ballyenanane

                Darby McLaughlin of Grangemore and Grangebegg

           Parish of Tullamaine and Morestowne-Kirke

                Philip Loghnane of Tullamaine  (1667)

           Parish of St. Johnstowne and Cooleagh

                William Loghnane of St. John's  (1667)

     Barony of Kiltemanagh

           Parish of Consulty

                Derby McLoghlen of Clone and Thory  (1665)

           Parish of Castletowne, Tone and Downe

                Mahowne McLaghlen of Carbuenchally  (1665)

           Parish of Downoghill, Agrcrue and Kyllpatricke

                Bryan McLoghlen of Gleanpadyne  (1665)

           Parish of Moyaliffe, Templeoughtragh, Templebegg
           and Beallacahyll

                Edmond McLoghlen of Lishnesally  (1665)

           Parish of Killshillane, Templeburg and Killcoggane

                William Loghnane of Soskin  (1667)
                William Loghlin of Ballybee  (1667)

           Parish of Newtownelenane

                Connor McLaughline of Newtownelenane  (1667)

           Parish of  (illegible)

                John Loghnane of Killmalossy  (1667)
                Phillipp McLoghlin of Miniks-Grange  (1667)

           Parish of Ardfenane, Rochestowne and Neddane

                Dennis McLoughlen of Ardfynan  (1665)
                Donnogh McLoghlin of Ardfenane  (1667)

           Parish of Ballyberan

                Darby McLaughlin of Killcardany  (1667)

     Barony of Iffay and Offay

          Parish of Cahyr and Martlestowne

               Derby McLoghlen of Garranuelly  (1665)
               Teige McLaghlen of Loghlogery   (1665)

          Parish of Kyllshilame

               William Loghnane of Minorstowne  (1665)

      Barony of Clanwilliam

          Parish of Cullen

               William McLoghlin of Blin and Ballybrondy 
                                    Villages  (1665)
               William McLoughlin of Bouline  (1667)

          Parish of Cordagan

               Donnogh McLoghlin of Dromomoarky  (1665)
               Donnogh McLochine of Dremomarky  (1667)

          Parish of Shallognodemore

               William Loghlen of Lackoyle  (1665)

          Parish of Emly

               Donnogh Loghlen of Emly  (1665)
               Donagh McLoghlin of Emle-town  (1667)

          Parish of Sconill

               Joseph McLoghlen of Ballynare and Garrynarsky
                                   Villages  (1665)

          Parish of Ballahode-More

               William Loghnan of Cooltifes  (1667)

          Parish of Templeniry and Cloneloffe

               Donogh Loghnane of Banisbab  (1667)

          Parish of Kilfeacle

               John McLaughlin of Granstowne  (1667)

          Parish of Killshane and Cubroge

               Teige McLaughlin of Castlecurry  (1667)
               Daniell McLaghlin of Ballinard and 
                                    Garriascatty  (1667)
               John McLoghlin of Ballinard and Garriascatty

     Barony of Slievardagh and Comasy

         Parish of Kyllenayle

              Daniel Loghnane of Knockaneglasse  (1665)

         Parish of Ballyngarry

              William Loghman of Gortifree and Garrynagree
                                 Villages  (1665)
              William Loghmane of Gortfrey  (1667)

         Parish of Kyllmanimnane

              William Laughlen of Clonggose and Ballymagane
                                  Villages  (1665)
              William MacLaghlin of Clonegouse  (1667)

         Parish of Bowlicke

              Connor O'Laghlin of Clonamicon  (1667)

         Parish of Killcoole

              Katherine Loghlin of Ptc. of Killcooley  (1667)

     Barony of Upper Ormond

         Parish of Kylmore

              William McLoghlin of Kyllrofill  (1665)
              Roger McLoghlin of Errinagh  (1665)
              Con McLoghlin of Ballynog  (1665)

         Parish of Templederry

              Edmond McLaghline of Gortnagonna  (1665)

         Parish of Aghavamedill

              William McLoghlan of Glanagh  (1665)

     Barony of Lower Ormond

          Parish of Mousea

              Daniell McLoghlen of Mousea  (1665)
              Donnell McLoghlin of Timonine  (1667)

          Parish of Burrie

              Daniell Loghlin of Burrie  (1665)
              Daniell Loghlin of Thombrocke  (1667)

          Parish of Modrinny

              William Loghlin of Modrinny  (1665)
              William McLoghlin of Mullen Reagh  (1667)
              John Loghane of Modrinny  (1665)
              Daniell Loghlin  (no townland)  (1667)

          Parish of Tirraglasse

              Hugh Lyghnane of Tirraglasse  (1665)
              Donnogh Loghinane of Tirraglasse  (1665)
              Hugh Loghlin of Drummeenagh  (1667)
              Thomas Loghlin of Killfada  (1667)

          Parish of Lorrna

              Rory McLoghlen of Lorrha  (1665)

          Parish of Clofriry

              Connor O'Loghnane of Carny  (1667)

     Barony of Owny and Arra

          Parish of Killuelan

              Maghon McLaughlin of Shower  (1667)

          Parish of Templecallo and Killmashill

              Daniell McLoughlen of Couldornely  (1665)

          Parish of Teoghill

              Hugh McLaughlen of Palice beg  (1667)

          Parish of Burgesse

              Daniell McLoghlin of Burgesse  (1667)

          Parish of Mockarkey

              William Loghlin of Mockarkey town  (1667)
              William Loghlen of Shanbaly  (1667)

          Parish of Lisbony, pt. Menagh and pt. Killruan

              Teige McLoghlen of Bally  (1667)
              Hugh McLoghlin of Gotlicebegg  (1667)

          Parish of Anamedull

              William McLoghlin of Bailteen  (1667)

     Barony of Elliogurty and Ikerin

          Parish of Thorlesse

              Connor McLoughlin of Balbaile  (1665)
              Connor McLoughline of ARcherstowne  (1667)
              William McLaughlin of Killrush  (1667)
              John McLoughlin of Killrush  (1667)

          Parish of Mokarty

              William McLoghlin of Killrush  (1665)
              William Loghlin of Mokarky  (1665)

         Parish of Drom and Killfithmoyne

              William McLaghlin of Kilifithmoyne  (1665)

         Parish of Killbeg

              Denish Loghnane of Cloghrayne  (1665)

         Parish of Moyne

              John Loghlin of Cooliny  (1665)

         Parish of Bourny

              Teige McLoughlin of Clonakeny  (1667)
              William McLaghlin of Loghmockerock  (1667)

         Parish of Rosecrea

              Brian McLoghlin of Killiwardy  (1667)
              John McLoghlin of Corbally  (1667)

         Parish of Killovenoge

              Phillipp McLoghlin of Ballysarcuel  (1667)

         Parish of Templetoony  

              Darby McLaghlin of Clone  (1667)
              Phillipp McLoghlin   "    (1667)

        Parish of Donohill and Acrowe and Killpatrick

              Bryen McLoughlen of Ballyshidee  (1667)

        Parish of Tome, pt. Castletowne and pt. Downe

              Mathew McLoghlen of Kearnshally  (1667)

        Parish of Outeran, Templebegg, Moaliff and pt. 

              Edmond McLaghlin of Clarine and Cullkill  (1667)
              Donnogh McLaghlin of Bellaghane  (1667)

        Parish of Clonkeran, Cemoe and Illiagny

              Katherine Loghlin of Pallice  (1667)

    No barony listed

        Parish of Drum and Kiltemone (Parish of Drom and
                  Killfithmoyne in Elliogurty and Ikerin

              John McLaghlin of Gragga  (1667)

        Parish of Ranolty and Shaw

              Patrick Laghnane of Raybeliye  (1667)
              Redmond Laghnan of Cualgarrane  (1667)

                   36  King Milesius of Spain
                   37  Heber Fionn
                   38  Conmhaol
                   39  Eochaidh Faobharghlas
                   40  Nuadha Deaghlaimh
                   41  Glass
                   42  Rossa
                   43  Roitheachtaigh
                   44  Airereo Arda
                   45  Cas Clothach
                   46  Muineamhon
                   47  Faildeargod
                   48  Cas Ceadchaingneach
                   49  Failbhe
                   50  Roan
                   51  Rothachtaigh
                   52  Feidhlimidh
                   53  Art Imleach
                   54  Breisrigh
                   55  Seadna Ionnarraidh
                   56  Duach Fionn
                   57  Deanna Dearg
                   58  Lughaidh Iardhonn
                   59  Eochaidh Uaircheas
                   60  Lughaidh Laimhdhearg
                   61  Art
                   62  Ailill
                   63  Eochaidh
                   64  Lughaidh Laighdhe
                   65  Reachtaidh Righdhearg
                   66  Cobhtach Caomh
                   67  Mogh Corb
                   68  Fear Corb
                   69  Adhamair Foltchaoin
                   70  Niadh Seaghamain
                   71  Ionnadmhar
                   72  Lughaidh Luaidhne
                   73  Cairbre Lusc
                   74  Duach Dalta Deaghaidh
                   75  Eochaidh Fear Aine
                   76  Muireachach Muchna
                   77  Mo Feibhis
                   78  Loch Mor
                   79  Eanna Monchaoin
                   80  Deirgthine
                   81  Dearg
                   82  Mogh Neid
                   83  Mugh Nuadhat
                   84  Ailill Olum  First king of all Munster
                        |                   |                  |
                       Eoghan Mor          Cormac Cas         Cian
                      (Eoghanachta)        (Dal Cais)      (Ciannachta)
                                                           (Clann Cian)
                             Eoghanachta and Dal Cais
                             Septs of Munster
                                                      84   Ailill Olum  First king of all Munster
                              |                             |                                |
                        85   Eoghan Mor                    Cormac Cas                       Cian
                        86   Fiachaidh Muilleathan         Mogha-Corb
                        87   Ailill Flann-Beag             Fear-Corb                      (Cianachta)
                        88   Lugaidh                       Aongus Tireach                 (Ely)
                        89   Corc                          Lugaidh Meann                  (Clann Cian)
                              |                             |
                      ________|_________                    |                             O'Carroll of Ely
                     |                  |                   |                             O'Meagher of Tipperary
               90   Natfraoich         Cas                 Conal Each-luath               O'Lachtnain of Tipperary
                                                      91   Cas
                 (MacCarthy &      (O'Donaghoe of     92   Blod
                  O'Sullivan)       Tipperary)        93   Carthann Fionn
                                                      94   Eochaidh Balldearg
                                                      95   Conal
                                                      96   Aodh Caomh
                                                      97   Cathal
                                                      98   Toirrdhealbhach
                                                      99   Mathghamhain
                                                      100  Anlaman
                                                      101  Corc
                                                      102  Lachtna
                                                      103  Larcan
                           |                             |                      |              |
                     104  Cinneidigh                    Cosgrach               Lonnargan      Congal
                     105  Brian Boromha                 Aithchir
                          High King                     Ogane
                          Slain 1024 at the
                          Battle of Clontarf          O'Hogan of Tipperary
                        O'Brien Arra of Tipperary
                        O'Kennedy of Tipperary

37.  Heber Fionn, the third son of Milesius, but the eldest who 
     left any issue, after the conquest of 
     Ireland as you have seen before, became the 
     first Monarch of Ireland, jointly with his 
     brother Heremon, for one year only, and 
     then upon a quarrell between them fomented 
     by their ambitious wives, fought the Battle 
     of Ardrath in Yestria, wherein Heber was 
     slain, A.D. 1698, leaving five sons to 
     revenge his death, viz., Orba, Feron, 
     Fergna, who after Heremon's death raised 
     wars against his three sons who assumed the 
     Monarchy, jointly after their father's     
     death, until one of them died and the other 
     two were slain in the Battle of Ard Ladron, 
     by these four brothers, and then took upon 
     them to reign jointly;  but did not long 
     continue so for within half a year they 
     were all slain in the Battle of Gulmartha 
     by Heremon's youngest son, Euriabis.

38.  Conmhaol, the fifth and youngest son of Heber, in 20 fixed 
     battles foiled the Heremonian Monarch, 
     killed him and became the 12th Monarch in 
     number from his father and at the end of 30  
     year's reign, was slain in the Battle of 
     Aunarde Tavlton by his Heremonian 
     successor, A.M. 3579.

39.  Eochaidh Faobharghlas, son of Conmhaol, was the 17th Monarch 
     of Ireland, fought many battles with his 
     Heremonian competitors, by whom he was at 
     last defeated and slain in the Battle of 
     Carmany after 20 year's reign.

40.  Nuadha Deaghlaimh, his son, had an elder brother Mafebbis, 
     whose son Eochaidh was the 19th Monarch, 
     and his son Eorn Airgtheach, the 21st 
     Monarch, and was the first that caused 
     silver shields to be made, which he 
     bestowed upon his warriors.

41.  Glass, his son.

42.  Rossa, his son.

43.  Roitheachtaigh, his son.

44.  Airereo Arde, his son.

45.  Cas Clothach.  During the lives of these five the 
     sovereignty was forfeited and enjoyed by 
     the line of Ir, second brother of Heber.

46.  Muineamhon, son of Cas, by killing his Irian predacessor, 
     became the 25th  Monarch and the first that 
     ordained his nobles to wear gold chains 
     about their necks. In the 14th year of his 
     reign he died at Lethargy at Magh Ardlone, 
     A.M. 3872.

47.  Faildeargod, his son, the 26th Monarch of Ireland, was the 
     first that ordered his nobility to wear 
     gold rings on their fingers, reigned 10 

48.  Cas Ceadchaingneach, his son, a learned man, revived the 
     study of law and poetry and other laudable 
     sciences, much eclipsed and little 
     practiced since the death of Amergin, one 
     of the sons of Milesius, who was their 
     druid or Arch-priest;  and slain in battle 
     by his brother, Heremon, after their 
     brother Heber's death.
49.  Failbhe, his son, the first that ordained stone walls to be 
     made in Ireland, for bounds and meers 
     between the neighbor's lands.

50.  Roan, his son.

51.  Rothachtaigh, his son, the 35th Monarch of Ireland, in the 
     7th year of his reign was burned by 
     lightening, A.M. 4176.

52.  Feidhlimidh, i.e., a great bibber of wine;  succeeded his 
     father and after one year's reign was slain 
     in battle by his Heremonian successor, A.M. 

53.  Art Imleach, his son, by killing his predacessor in the 
     Battle of Magh Muaighe in revenge of his 
     father's death became the 38th Monarch of 
     Ireland for 12 years and then was slain in 
     battle by the former King's son, whereby he 
     gained the Monarchy, A.M. 4148.

54.  Breisrigh, his son, slew his predacessor, his father's 
     slayer, and thereby became the 40th Monarch 
     of Ireland for 9 years and then slain in 
     battle by his successor of the line of 
     Lugaidh, son of Ith, A.M. 4247.

55.  Seadna Ionnarraidh, his son, by slaying his predacessor 
     became the 43rd Monarch for 20 years at the 
     end of which he was overthrown in battle, 
     taken prisoner, and his limbs torn asunder 
     by wild horses, by the command of his 
     barberous Hermonian successor, A.M. 4207.  
     He was the first that enlisted soldiers in 
     pay in Ireland and undergo discipline, for 
     hitherto they had no other pay but what 
     they could gain from their enemies.

56.  Duach Fionn, his son, having in battle vanquished his 
     father's butcherer, did sufficiently 
     revenge his death by serving him in the 
     same manner he did the father, and with all 
     recovered the Monarchy which he held for 10 
     years but at last lost his life with the 
     sovereignty by the son of the former, A.M. 

57.  Deanna Dearg, his son, after avenging his father's death by 
     depriving his predacessor of his life, 
     became the 47th Monarch and in the 12th 
     year of his reign died suddenly with most 
     of his retinue adoring their false gods at 
     Sliabh Mis, A.M. 4319.  In his time money 
     was first coined in Ireland.

58.  Lughaidh Lardhonn, his son, the 48th Monarch of Ireland, 9 
     years, slain in the Battle of Clochor by 
     his Irian successor, A.M. 4328.

59.  Eochaidh Uaircheas, the 50th Monarch, 12 years, during his 
     prodigious reign was a great rover at sea 
     till Atloch killed him and was himself 
     slain by his Heremonian successor, A.M. 

60.  Lughaidh Laimhdhearg, his son, by killing his predacessor, 
     became the 52nd Monarch for 7 years and 
     then was slain by his successor, brother to 
     the predacessor, A.M. 4368.

61.  Art, his son, revenged his father's death upon the 
     predacessor and became the 54th Monarch, 6 
     years, slain by his successor, uncle to the 
     former Monarch, A.M. 4388.

62.  Ailill, his son, killed his predacessor in the Battle of 
     Darin and succeeded him, the 51st Monarch, 
     and after 11 year's reign was slain in the 
     Battle of Obhd by Argetmarcis, A.M. 4415.

63.  Eochaidh.  Succeeded his father, the 52nd Monarch, 7 years, 
     and then slain in battle by the same 
     Argetmar of the Irian sept, who succeeded 
     him, A.M. 4422.

64.  Lughaidh Laighdhe, his son, the 60th Monarch of Ireland, 7 
     years, killed his Heremonian predacessor 
     and himself slain in battle by his Irian 
     successor, A.M. 4467.

65.  Reachtaidh Righdhearg.  Killed his predacessor Macha 
     Mongruagh of the Irian sept, and the only 
     woman that held the Monarchy of Ireland, 
     despite all the opposition of her warlike 
     and powerful competitors, till after 14 
     year's reign, she was slain by this 
     Reachtaidh, whereby he not only gained the 
     Monarchy but also the addition to his name 
     of Righ-deargh, i.e., a bloody arm, for 
     having a hand in woman's blood.  He was a 
     warlike prince, and fortunate in his 
     undertakings.  He went into Scotland with a 
     powerful army to reduce the Pictish Nation 
     then growing refractory in the payment of 
     their yearly tribute to the Monarchs of 
     Ireland to obedience, which having 
     performed, returned and after 20 year's 
     reign, was slain in battle by his 
     Heremonian successor, A.M. 4566.

66.  Cobhtach Caomh, his son.

67.  Mogh Corb, the 72nd Monarch, 7 years, slain by his 
     Heremonian successor, A.M. 4701.

68.  Fear Corb, his son, the 76th Monarch, 11 years, slain by his 
     successor, the former Monarch's son, A.M. 

69.  Adhamair Foltchaoin, his son, the 78th Monarch, after 5 
     year's reign, was slain by his Heremonian 
     successor, A.M. 4787.

70.  Niadh Seaghamain, his son, the 83rd Monarch of Ireland.  In 
     his time the wild deer were usually driven 
     home with the cows and suffered themselves 
     to be milked every day, some say, by the 
     sorcery and witchcraft of his mother.  He 
     reigned 7 years;  was slain by his 

71.  Ionnadmhar, his son, the 87th Monarch of Ireland, at the end 
     of 9 year's reign, was slain in battle by 
     his succeeding competitor.

72.  Lughaidh Luaidhne, the 89th Monarch, 15 years, slain by his 
     Irian successor. 

73.  Cairbre Lusc, i.e., broad face.

74.  Duach Dalta Deaghaidh, his son, the 91st Monarch of Ireland, 
     10 years, had the same fate with most of 
     his predacessors, to be slain by their 
     successors, and that most commonly in 
     battle.  He was the last of 33 Monarchs of 
     the Hiberian line that ruled the kingdom 
     and but one more of them came to the 
     Monarchy, viz., Brian Boromha, the one and 
     30th generation down from this Duach, but 
     were always Kings of Munster, and sometimes 
     of the greatest part of Leinster, by the 
     name of Leath Mogha, as shall be seen 
     hereafter.  This Duach had a younger 
     brother named Deagha, whose eyes he pulled 
     out for offering to come between him and 
     the crown, for which he was nick-named 
     Dalta Deaghaidh, and was slain in battle by 
     his Irian successor, A.M. 5041.

75.  Eochaidh Garbh, called also Eochaidh Fear Aine, his son.

76.  Muireadhach Muchna, his son.

77.  Mo Feibhis.  Some genealogiests say this was a woman and the 
     wife of Muireadhach although set down in the 
     pedigree in the number of generations.

78.  Loch Mor, called the son of Mo Feibhis, who was only his 
     mother;  and Muireadhach, his father.

79.  Eanna Monchaoin, his son, the King of Munster.

80.  Deirgthine.  Had a competitor in the Kingdom of Munster, 
     Darin of the sept of Lughaidh, son of Ith, 
     the first Milesian discoverer of Ireland and 
     between whom it was agreed that their 
     posterity should reign by turns;  when 
     either of the septs was King, the other 
     should govern in the civil affaris of the 
     Kingdom, which agreement continued so 
     alternatively for some generations.

81.  Dearg, his son.

82.  Mogh Neid, his son.

83.  Eoghan Mor, commonly called Mugh Nuadhat, a wise and 
     political prince and a great warrior, from 
     him Magh Nuadhad (now Maynooth) is so 
     called, where a great battle was fought 
     between Mugh and Conn Ceadcathoch, the 110th 
     Monarch of Ireland, A.D. 122, with whom he 
     was in continual wars, until at last after 
     many bloody battles, he forced him to divide 
     the kingdom with him in two equal parts, by 
     the men of Mear of Esker Riada, a long ridge 
     of hills from Dublin to Galway, quitting the 
     south part to Mugh Nuadhat, which he called 
     after his own name, Leath Mogha or Mogh's 
     Half;  As the north part was called Leath 
     Cuinn or Conn's Half;  and to give his 
     daughter Savina or Sadhbh, to wife to his 
     eldest son, Ailill Olum.  Beara, daughter of 
     Heber, the great King of Castile, was his 
     wife and mother of Ailill Olum and two 
     daughters, Caomheall and Scothniamh.  
     Afterwhich he was slain in battle by the 
     said Conn.

84.  Ailill Olum is the first of this line named in the 
     Regal-roll to be King of both Munsters, for 
     before him therewere two septs that were 
     alternatively Kings of Munster, until this 
     Ailill married Sabina, the daughter of Conn 
     and widow of Mac Niadh, chief of the other 
     sept of Darin, descended from Ith, as is 
     said before, by whom she had one son named 
     Lugh of Desmond, called Mac Con, who when he 
     came to age, challenged from Ailill his 
     father-in-law the benefit of the agreement 
     formerly made between their ancestors which 
     Ailill not only refused to grant, but also 
     banished Mac Con out of Ireland, who retired 
     into Scotland, where having many firneds and 
     relations, he soon gathered a strong party 
     and returned with them into Ireland and with 
     the help and assistance of the rest of his 
     sept, who joined with him, made ar on 
     Ailill, to whose assistance his 
     brother-in-law Art Eanfhear, the Monarch of 
     Ireland, came with a good army between whom 
     and Mac Con was fought the great and 
     memorable Battle of Magh Mucromhe;  wherein 
     the Monarch himself together with seven of 
     Ailill's nine sons by Sabina lost their 
     lives and their army totally defeated and 
     routed.  By this great victory Mac Con not 
     only recovered his right to the Kingdom of 
     Munster, but the Monarchy also, wherin he 
     maintained himself for 30 years, leaving 
     that of Munster to his brother-in-law 
     After the battle, Ailill, having but 
     two sons left alive, viz., Cormac Cas and 
     Cian, and being very old, settled his 
     kingdom upon Cormac, the eldest son of the 
     two and his posterity;  but soon after being 
     informed that Eoghan Mor, the eldest son, 
     had issue by a druid's daughter named 
     Feaach, born after his father's death, he 
     ordained that Cormac should be king during 
     his life and Feach to succeed him;  and 
     after him Cormac's son and their posterity 
     to continue so by turns which was observed 
     between them for many generations;  and 
     sometimes dividing the kingdom between them, 
     by the name of south and north Munster or 
     Desmond and Thomond.
     From these three sons of Ailill are all 
     the Hiberian nobility and gentry of Munster 
     and other parts of Ireland, viz., descended 
     from Eoghan Mor are MacCarthy, O'Sullivan, 
     O'Keefe and the rest of the ancient nobility 
     and gentry of Desmond;  from Cormac are 
     O'Brien, MacMahon, O'Kennedy and the rest of 
     the nobility and gentry of Thomond;  and 
     from Cian are O'Carroll, O'Meagher, O'Hara, 
     O'Gara, etc.

                                                                                Lords of South Bregia)